This family has more than 25,000 species. It is terrestrial or epiphytic plants leaves simple and entire. The orchid flower is trimeric (three sepals and three petals) and a central column that supports the anthers and pistil called gynostemium.
The two upper petals are identical, but the lower the lip, has become the most striking structure of the flower, with its own colors, shapes and sizes that can be very different depending on the species concerned. Flowers can be single or in inflorescences.
They are used in salads, caramelized, sauces …